Gold Facts

11.2 Million

If all of the existing gold in the world was pulled into a 5 micron thick wire, it could wrap around the world 11.2 million times.

2808 Degrees Centigrade

The boiling point of gold is 2808 degrees centigrade.

31.103 Grams

There are just over 31 grams in a troy ounce of gold.

1 Ounce

It is rarer to find a one ounce nugget of gold than a five carat diamond.

37 Degrees

The temperature of the human body is 37 degrees centigrade. Gold’s conductivity of heat means that it rapidly reaches body temperature – one of the reasons it has become valued for jewelry.

1064 Degrees Centigrade

Gold melts at 1064 degrees centigrade.

187,200 Tons

Around 187,200 tons of gold has been mined since the beginning of civilization.


While digging up stones to build a house, Australian miner George Harrison found gold ore near Johannesburg in 1885, beginning the South African gold rush.

21 Meters Cubed

All of the gold ever mined would fit into a crate of 21 metres cubed.


Around half of all gold mined today is made into jewelry, which remains the single largest use for gold.


The 40,000 miners who joined the California Gold Rush in 1849 were called “49ers”. Only a very small number of them ever got rich.


Julius Caesar gave 200 gold coins to each of his soldiers from the spoils of war in defeating Gaul.


Over 90 per cent of the world’s gold has been mined since the California Gold Rush.

750 parts per 1,000

Gold is often alloyed with other metals to change its color and strength. Eighteen karat gold is composed of 750 parts of pure gold per 1,000.

80 cm

The largest gold coin ever created was cast by the Perth Mint in 2012. Weighing one tonne and measuring 80 cm in diameter, it surpassed the previous record, a 2007, C$1 million coin which was just 53 cm across.

50 Miles

One ounce of gold can be stretched to a length of 50 miles; the resulting wire would be just five microns wide.

2316 Troy Ounces

The largest ever true gold nugget weighed 2316 troy ounces when found at Moliagul in Australia in 1869. It was called the “Welcome Stranger”.


The atomic number of gold is 79, which means there are 79 protons in the nucleus of every atom.

400 Troy Ounces

A “London Good Delivery Bar”, the standard unit of traded gold, is made from 400 troy ounces of gold.

530,000 Bars

The US Federal Reserve holds 6,700 tonnes of gold, in 530,000 gold bars. At its peak in 1973, the Fed stored more than 12,000 tonnes of monetary gold.

4,600 Tons

There are 147.3 million ounces – around 4,600 tonnes – of gold stored in the US Bullion Depository at Fort Knox.

15,000 Tons

Even at only 10 parts of gold per quadrillion, the world’s oceans are estimated to hold up to 15,000 tonnes of gold.

9 Meters Square

One ounce of pure gold can be hammered into a single sheet nine metres square.

0.000018 cm

One ounce of gold can be beaten into a translucent sheet 0.000018 cm thick and covering 9 square metres; or pulled into a wire 80 km (50 miles) long

Source: World Gold Council,